How the body works for a competitor under extreme physical stress can be investigated by conducting special functional tests that determine the adaptation of the organism to them. The cardiorespiratory system is the most important and responsible for adaptation to the sports load. It is not accidental that it is subject to basic screening by special tests to determine the functional working capacity of the body.
In order to determine the functional working capacity of the body, the stress ECG test and the metabolic gas analysis are used. The stress test is the most commonly used non-invasive test for cardiovascular disease in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients.
The metabolic gas load analysis gives information on the volume of oxygen per kilogram of body weight needed to carry out the physical work. The information obtained from these tests is important for the organization of the training process and the individual approach to each of the team’s competitors.